Anthony O'Brien is a native of Brockton Mass., a former Navy SEAL officer, and a son of Deacon Don O'Brien, the first Deacon at St. Edward Church (now St. Edith). Like his Dad, Tony first served in the Marine Corps. With 14 siblings from a family of nurses & veterans, Tony's greatest joy is being Dad to Anthony Jr (9) & James Donald (7) with gratitude for his family's commitment to faith, family, education, community & country.
Tony O'Brien is a former Navy SEAL Lieutenant Commander who served at SEAL Team FIVE & SDV Team ONE. A veteran of 7 overseas deployments, he led 4 platoons & 3 task units for crisis response to 20 countries throughout Asia, the Middle East & Europe including Kuwait, Kosovo, and Iraq; and trained in 18 states in the US.
He worked with US Secret Service details for 3 US Presidents (Pres. Bush Sr in 1991, Pres. Clinton 1993, Pres. Bush Jr 2001). LCDR O'Brien's awards include the Meritorious Service Medal, Global War on Terrorism Medal, Humanitarian Service Medal, NATO Medal, Kuwait Liberation Medal, French Fourragere award, and commendations from the Secretary of Defense & President Bush Jr.
He serves as a Deputy Sheriff and as a Special Agent with a security agency.
Contact: cell-text (508) 868-2547 AnthonyThomasOBrien@yahoo.com
PO Box 384 Brockton MA 02303 www.AnthonyOBrien.com
At Cardinal Spellman High School, he was selected to the National Honor Society for academics & as co-captain of cross-country & track teams. In 2011, he was inducted to Spellman's Robert McEwan Drama Hall of Fame for his participation in and support of theater & performing arts programs.
After serving a tour in the Marine Corps infantry & recon, the Secretary of the Navy selected him to try-out for the SEALs at their basic training course "BUD/S." He graduated with class 156.
His athletic career included finishing 15 marathons (26.2 mi), 3 Half-IRONMAN triathlons & the IRONMAN triathlon world championship in Hawaii (swim 2.4mi, bike 112mi, run 26.2mi).
Although unusual accomplishments started as a high school runner finishing 3 marathons (26.2 mi) in his senior year, his highlights that may inspire others as "Better late than never" include attended SEAL basic training BUD/S at max allowed age of 28, one of the oldest graduates of Army Ranger School ever (age 41), became a Dad at age 51 & 53, and graduated police academy at age 56.
After his faith in God, and thanks to God, his favorite blessing is being a Dad, with of course top credit & max thanks to their children's Mom Staci who named Anthony Jr. (AJ) after his Dad & James Donald (JD) after their grandfathers.
One of many inspiring principles from his faith & service is "we are never out of the fight." We all stumble, we all fall, how long do we stay down? Who gets up? Of course, one doesn't have to be a Marine, SEAL or Pastor to be inspired to overcome obstacles. Thankfully, many people do overcome.
Detailed military biography
His inspiration to serve our country was from "years of listening to uplifting stories & admiring pride of service from his Dad, Uncle Dick & Uncle Chuck who were Marines." He also responded to a call to service from President Reagan following the Iran embassy hostage crisis. His family legacy makes him most proud of his military service.
After joining the Marines, he was selected for appointment to Lieutenant in the Marines by President Reagan. Then he was selected to be an Infantry platoon commander assigned to First Battalion, Fifth Marine Regiment (1/5), First Marine Division at Camp Pendleton CA, under battalion commander Colonel Peter Vacca, a Vietnam Silver Star recipient. O'Brien led his platoon on an overseas deployment throughout Asia including Japan, Korea, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand & China.
His battalion executive officer Major Wallace Gregson & operations officer Capt. Richard Natonski would both rise to the rank of General. LT O'Brien was blessed with outstanding troops, leaders & mentors throughout his military service. Infantry units are the front line combat personnel closest to enemy engagement during conventional military operations which are usually large scale operations.
As the platoon commander, he was responsible for his unit's combat readiness, served as the unit's primary instructor for weapons & tactics, and coordinated their admin, intel, training, ops, logistics, supply, transportation, and communications functions.
Deployments are the rotation of units to temporary assignments overseas to maintain US national security in that area, train with foreign military units, and remain vigilant there to respond to crisis situations as assigned by higher authority. The Dept. of Defense national management of the deployment system maintains US military presence worldwide to assist allies & serve US national security interests.
One of the Corps' most decorated units, First Battalion, Fifth Marine Regiment (1/5), nicknamed "Geronimo" after the famous warrior, has a century-old reputation as a "Go-to" unit selected for difficult missions that participated in some of the most famous battles ever: Battles of Belleau Wood (WWI), Okinawa (WWII), Chosin Reservoir (Korea), Hue (Vietnam), Desert Storm & Iraqi Freedom.
The Marines' nickname "Devil dogs" was given by the French in appreciation for the Marines' never-say-die fighting spirit that was critical to victory during the infamous Battle of Belleau Wood.
For their courage at Belleau Wood, the Fifth Marine Regiment was awarded the French Fourragere decoration (shoulder cord) which the unit still wears today.
Fifth Marines is considered the most decorated regiment in Marine Corps history.
LT O'Brien also completed USMC Mountain Leader Course at Bridgeport CA in the Sierra Nevada mountains conducting challenging training to become an instructor in military rock climbing and skiing.
After his tour in the Infantry, O'Brien was hoping to serve in a unit more focused on smaller & more independent special operations. He was selected for & completed a rigorous screening process for "Recon" and was selected as a recon Platoon Commander at First Reconnaissance Battalion under battalion commanders Colonel Wheeler Baker then Colonel Digger O'Dell. (Joining Recon was significant since his Uncle Dick served in Recon in Vietnam - more on Colonel Dick here soon.)
Colonel O'Dell was inducted in the USSOCOM Commando Hall of Honor. Recon is a division-level combat asset that performs reconnaissance providing intelligence offices with tactical information. (Recon was the first of very few Marine Corps units to be informally considered "special operations" before the Marines joined SOCOM in 2006 to fully integrate in US Special Operations and established the Raiders in 2015.) First Recon Bn was featured in the TV miniseries "Generation Kill."
O'Brien's Recon platoon conducted special weapons and tactics training with one of America's most highly-regarded law enforcement units, Los Angeles Police SWAT.
In 1985, he led his platoon as the first Recon platoon to make an operational overseas deployment since Vietnam and deployed with Battalion Landing Team 3/1 (BLT) throughout Asia.
First Recon Company was disestablished after Vietnam then reestablished in 1986.
LT O'Brien worked for BLT commander Colonel Bob Tilley, a Vietnam Silver Star recipient, and trained in Japan with a Navy SEAL unit led by LTs Joe Kernan & Tom Brown and Chief Pat Parks. Kernan & Brown rose to the rank of Admiral. For his tour in the Infantry & Recon, O'Brien was awarded the Navy Achievement Medal from Colonel O'Dell & General Hank Stackpole.
At Recon, he attended Navy Diver School and Navy Diver Ops Supervisor Course (taught by SEALs) at San Diego CA and led several diving ops from several patrol boats, ships & submarines.
He attended Army Airborne (parachutist) School and Army Jumpmaster School at Ft. Benning GA and led many parachute ops from fixed wing aircrafts & helicopters from the Army, Air Force, Navy, and Marines. In the Marines, he was authorized to wear the Navy Diver insignia, Army and Navy parachutist "jump wings" badges, and the French Fourragere decoration.
In 1986, he and members of his recon platoon were selected to be "extras" in Clint Eastwood's Marine Corps movie "Heartbreak Ridge" for scenes filmed at Camp Pendleton and can be seen in several scenes as Marines in the units with Mr. Eastwood. (He would say please call me Clint, Marines responded yes sir Mr. Eastwood.)
During training in Quantico VA, O'Brien played a season for the Marine Corps Quantico rugby team.
On promotion to Captain in the Marines, he was selected to serve at Bootcamp Parris Island SC as a Series Commander, Battalion Adjutant, and Battalion Executive Officer leading Drill Instructors training thousands of recruits to graduate from Marine Corps Bootcamp & become Marines.
As Battalion Adjutant, he carried his Uncle Richard's 1952 USMC sword while leading many ceremonies including Bootcamp graduation ceremonies. (Don't mess up that ceremony, Moms of America are filming it.) A top inspiration for Tony joining the Marines, Uncle Dick was a Marine Colonel & Vietnam veteran who also served in Recon and was a decorated Vietnamese linguist interrogating prisoners in combat, an infantry battalion commander (1st Bn, 8th Marines), and national commandant of the Marine Corps League (MCL), the first MCL commandant while serving on active duty since the legendary General John A. Lejeune founded the MCL in 1923.
While stationed in South Carolina, he earned his FAA private pilot license.
For his successful tour in the Marines, Capt. O'Brien was awarded the Navy Achievement Medal from Colonel Jay Sollis & the Commanding General and the Meritorious Unit Commendation from the Commandant of the Marine Corps. His Drill Instructors presented a Marine Corps NCO sword (enlisted non-commissioned officer) to him which he says was one of his greatest honors & gifts.
While at Parris Island, and inspired by his previous training with SEALs and desire to serve in units more focused on special operations, he was selected for a rare inter-service transfer to the Navy, an appointment to Lieutenant by US Secretary of the Navy James Webb, and an opportunity to try-out for the SEALs at their maximum allowed age of 28. (Average age of BUD/S students is 20.)
O'Brien is especially grateful to CAPT Larry Bailey, then Commanding Officer of BUD/S, who supported his application to transfer to the Navy & attend BUD/S.
Secretary Webb is a distinguished USMC veteran, former US Senator, Vietnam vet recipient of Navy Cross & Silver Star Medals, and best-selling author of military books.
BUD/S is Basic Underwater Demolition/SEAL training course considered one of the most difficult military training programs in the world & the foundation of the SEAL's legacy as a highly successful special operations military unit. At BUD/S, an average of 20% of students graduate in each class. Tony often looks back at his experience at BUD/S & how a "do-or-die attitude" was required to start & complete some training events (as well as a supreme trust in the training staff, and of course faith in God). Once one achieves that mindset then it can change how one approaches so many things in life for their entire life.
Navy SEAL units are specialized combat units tasked by higher authority usually for crisis response, search & rescue, and disaster relief operations usually under highly challenging & hazardous conditions. SEAL Teams were founded in 1962 by President Kennedy, who heroically commanded specialized small boat operations in WWII.
The SEALs were formed from their predecessors the UDT, Underwater Demolition Teams, who were founded in 1942 during WWII as an emergency response for the great need for more intel, before amphibious landings in the Pacific campaign, about surf, beach & enemy info. UDT conducted critical specialized missions during WWII, the Korean War & the Vietnam War. The nickname for UDT was "frogmen" and, out of utmost respect for their UDT predecessors, today SEALs still call each other "frogman."
Tony's family Navy legacy includes Uncle David was the 48th Commanding Officer of the USS Constitution (still commissioned in the active duty Navy, USS Constitution is the oldest commissioned warship in the world & "America's Ship of State" & one of the most popular sites for visitors to Boston daily), cousin Tom was a Top Gun pilot who worked as an advisor on the movie "Top Gun," and cousin Mike served in the nuclear Navy. Tony's Dad Don served in the Marine Corps in aviation ordnance in Korea. Tony's brother Dave served in the Marines as a Sergeant & aircraft technician.
LT O'Brien was selected for & attended BUD/S at the maximum age of 28. In class 155, due to being the senior ranking student as a Lieutenant, he was the class leader throughout training including completing Hell Week on his first try. During marksmanship training, he was recognized as the top shooter in his class. Then he failed a rigorous evaluated pool training exercise when he passed out underwater, was revived poolside, and was dropped from class 155 & rolled back to class 156.
He graduated with class 156 at age 29, one of the oldest graduates since BUD/S started in 1942. O'Brien credits the success that he & his classmates had at BUD/S to "his running-endurance training since high school, his unusual professional preparation (in the Marines), the incredible motivating leadership of BUD/S instructors & the relentless selfless teamwork of his classmates."
He was assigned to SEAL Team FIVE as a Platoon Commander and his platoon conducted tactical training with several local & federal law enforcement agencies.
A highlight of their pre-deployment training was during a major evaluated exercise (ORE) when, during a night tactical at-sea parachuting insertion ("water jump"), a major equipment accident required the mission to be aborted.
During the same water jump, another mishap was avoided (that was not part of the major equipment accident), when O'Brien had to be rescued from a near-drowning situation by his platoon-mate & "Swim Buddy" Navy SEAL Curt "Beast" Campbell. Curt is lead vocalist & harmonica-player for the Kill House Blues Band.
Due to the aborted mission, the exercise was rescheduled and was a success for their platoon. Concurrently, while leading his first SEAL platoon through pre-deployment training, LT O'Brien was participating in his advance training to earn his full SEAL qualification.
Then he was awarded & is authorized to wear the SEAL "trident" insignia.
He led an overseas deployment to NSWU-1 highlighted by his platoon's support for US Embassy security against terrorist threats in the Philippines.
During winter training in Korea on steep mountains and in a harsh snow storm, his unit conducted a successful hazardous no-notice, high-altitude, life-saving medevac of a pregnant Korean civilian with severe medical complications which was the subject of an international news story.
On the same deployment, during parachute training in a remote area of the Philippines, O'Brien landed on rocks at a high rate of speed receiving serious injuries including broken ribs & a punctured lung. He is supremely grateful to platoon-mates who expedited his medevac.
On the same jump, a platoon-mate broke his leg and also required medevac.
O'Brien's injuries required suspension of his Navy diver qualification. However, he was allowed to complete the deployment with his platoon.
After that deployment, he recovered & was reevaluated as qualified for full-duty status as a diver.
Then he was elevated to task force SEAL ops officer in support of a SEAL Team THREE Task Unit working directly for Task Force Commander Admiral Stephen Clarey during the Persian Gulf War (Operations Desert Shield, Desert Storm, Provide Comfort) defeat of the Iraqi invasion in Kuwait.
A highlight of that deployment was his task unit processed 1,500 prisoners of war (POW) in 2 days. He also worked with SEAL Team EIGHT, Admiral Bill McRaven and Captain Pete Toennies (his first CO at SEAL Team FIVE).
Their Amphibious Task Force (19 total ships) was the largest naval deployment and operation since the Vietnam War. With an unprecedented multinational coalition of 38 countries led by President Bush Sr., the Gulf War also resulted in a historically low number of KIA casualties for a large-scale operation (500,000 American troops participated). Hearing the coalition included 38 countries
On their way home, a massive historic cyclone decimated the Bangladesh coastline killing 40,000 people and thousands of livestock & animals in a few hours which were bodies covering the entire area, basic infrastructure services were destroyed, and 5 million people quickly became homeless. His task force was diverted to Bangladesh for Operation Sea Angel to lead America's initial response to the deadliest cyclone ever (category 5). His task unit's efforts as the first international responders on the ground establishing the initial command post and worldwide communications, and providing emergency first aid, food & water to survivors were credited with saving thousands of lives and was the subject of international news stories. Task Force Sea Angel, commanded by O'Brien's former boss General Stackpole, included a coalition joined by Japan, Pakistan, England, China, India & France.
While assigned to SEAL Team FIVE including the 1991 Persian Gulf War, he was awarded the Navy Commendation Medal, Combat Action Ribbon, Joint Meritorious Unit Award, Navy Unit Commendation, Humanitarian Service Medal and Kuwait Liberation Medals.
Then he was assigned by Commodore Ray Smith to SDV Team ONE at Pearl Harbor HI as a Platoon Commander (DDS), led overseas deployments to NSWU-1, and received the Navy Unit Commendation & Battle Efficiency ("Battle E") award from CDR Joe Yarborough & the Secretary of the Navy.
At Pearl Harbor at the famous national monument & gravesite USS Arizona, LT O'Brien assisted the ceremonial dive team during funeral & burial at-sea services for survivors of the 1941 Pearl Harbor attack. During the attack, 1,122 Sailors were killed onboard the USS Arizona which was sunk where it was moored. Those Sailors remain interned onboard the ship. Upon request, Pearl Harbor survivors may return to Pearl Harbor and may be buried at sea at the USS Arizona with their fellow veterans of the Pearl Harbor attack. One of his most solemn duties, usually the burial is part of a ceremony including the dive team swimming remains to the bottom.
O'Brien's shipboard deployments included onboard USS Peleliu (LHA-5), USS Tarawa (LHA-1), USS Okinawa (LPH-3), USS Blueback (SS-581), USS Tunny (SSN-682), and USS Bates (SSN-680).
He says "Our many awards & promotions during our highly challenging tours at SEAL Team FIVE and SDV Team ONE were in greatest part due to the incredible work of my teammates, I was blessed that they allowed me to stand on their shoulders, and they have my utmost admiration and appreciation forever."
Due to those successes, he was promoted to Lieutenant Commander and selected to be the Chief of Maritime Counter-terrorism Ops for Admiral Charles Larson at US Pacific Command (PACOM) coordinating training and operations for Army, Navy & Air Force Special Operations units, as well as several federal intel & law enforcement agencies, during deployments throughout Asia and the Middle East. In this assignment, he also worked with Secret Service details protecting Presidents Bush Sr. & Clinton.
In 1993, he also completed the IROMNAN Triathlon World Championship in Hawaii (swim 2.4 mi, bike 112 mi, run 26.2 mi).
In 1995, he attended Army Freefall/HALO School (freefall/skydive parachuting) at Ft. Bragg NC and Yuma AZ. (Upon selection to attend Army HALO School & due to his experience as a civilian skydiver, he was selected for a rare opportunity to formally "challenge" the course in a significantly shortened format for an accelerated graduation.) He is authorized to wear the military HALO Freefall parachute badge. He is most grateful to his bosses, Army Colonel Greg Flick & Colonel Jim Kingsley USAF who allowed that opportunity.
He completed Command & Staff College graduate studies in National Security & Strategic Planning. He is authorized to wear the USCINCPAC Joint service badge & was awarded the Defense Meritorious Service Medal from ADM Larson.
While stationed in Hawaii, one of his favorite off-duty activities was skydiving on the north shore of Oahu where he had hundreds of jumps and the great joy & friendships that come with that activity. During a routine skydive with O'Brien, one of his Marine Corps friends was killed due to an equipment malfunction. His friend was a military parachute rigger as a job specialty & had recently graduated from the Army Freefall/HALO Parachuting training course at Ft. Bragg NC. The accident was the subject of a national news story.
He also was in charge of an operations support center coordinating training and worldwide deployments for reserve units which prepared him for his follow-on assignment that included coordinating activities of SEAL reserves units throughout the eastern US at Naval Special Warfare (NSW) Group TWO in Norfolk VA.
Another most solemn duty was serving as a Casualty Calls officer who was assigned to provide the first in-person notification of that Sailor's death to loved ones upon the death of any Sailor anywhere in the world who had family/NOK (next of kin) in O'Brien's region.
He also participated in a nation-wide multi-agency law enforcement investigation Operation Long Fuse that resulted in the arrests & prosecutions of several military personnel involved in the theft of sensitive military equipment throughout the US. In 1998, he was selected as the National Junior Officer of the Year by the Association of the US Navy (AUSN)
He was then elevated to serve as Group Training Officer at NSW Group TWO coordinating worldwide training for active and reserve SEAL Teams plus directed the SEAL advanced training course, SEAL Sniper course & SEAL Breacher course. He also helped develop new & improved curriculums for training programs incl. the SEAL advanced training course.
While assigned to Group TWO, and at the age of 41, he volunteered to attend Army Ranger School (class 11-00) at Ft. Benning GA. Ranger School is considered one of the best small unit infantry combat leadership courses in the world, and one of the most difficult to complete. Army Rangers are famous for many combat successes most notably during WWII on D-Day climbing the cliffs at Normandy to defeat heavily-defended, critical enemy positions aimed at stopping the American beach landings. Ranger school primarily trains infantry small unit leaders to be top tactics instructors & better leaders back at their infantry units. (Note: Although all Rangers must graduate Ranger School, the large majority of Ranger School graduates do not serve as Rangers in Ranger battalions.)
O'Brien says "Ever since my first assignment in the military leading an infantry platoon in the Marine Corps, I was a 'grunt' at heart (infantryman). Ranger School was considered the best & toughest infantry training so I always wanted to try it. I am most thankful to Commodore Bob Schoultz for allowing my attendance."
(Note: Many Army schools allow students from other branches of the military besides the Army. Regarding age, the average age for Ranger students is 22 & almost no students start or complete
Ranger School in their 40's - very few do so in their 30's.) His Ranger class started with 240 students and graduated 90.
He was the only member of the Navy in his class. Despite some injuries especially to his back and feet, he completed training on his first try and is one of the oldest graduates of Ranger School since its founding in 1950. Ranger School graduates are awarded, and authorized to wear, the coveted Ranger tab - less than 1% of the Army are graduates of Ranger School.
He was also awarded the Ranger School Leadership Honorman Award from General John LeMoyne, the brother of SEAL Admiral Irve LeMoyne. This Honorman Award was sponsored by the Association of the US Army (AUSA) and nicknamed the "Go-to guy" Award for the student who instructors & classmates reached out to more often to help solve problems among the students.
He also served as a JSOC Task Force SEAL Ops Officer for Army, Navy & Air Force SpecOps conducting evaluated tactical exercises at Ft. Bragg NC where he was awarded the Joint Service Achievement Medal from SEAL Admiral Eric Olson, a Somalia Silver Star recipient, and General Bryan Brown, a recipient of the Distinguished Flying Cross.
Then O'Brien was selected as detachment commander of a SEAL Team TWO Detachment/task unit deployed overseas in support of the Balkans peacekeeping mission in Operation Joint Guardian. They worked closely with Army Special Forces units. His unit also worked with the Secret Service detail protecting President Bush Jr. during his visit to Kosovo. He was awarded the Army Achievement Medal, Kosovo Campaign Medal & NATO Medal by General Vincent Brooks, commander of Task Force Falcon who later also was the highly-recognized media spokesperson for US operations during the Iraq invasion in 2003. Gen. Brooks later was promoted to 4-stars General and Commander of US Forces Korea. He and Tony have the same birthday.
LCDR O'Brien was awarded the Meritorious Service Medal by Commodore Karl Heinz & the Chief of Naval Operations and a U.S. Presidential Commendation from President G.W. Bush.
LCDR O'Brien is one of the few personnel in all of the US military, including the Army, to graduate from the following four Army courses: Army Airborne School, Army Jumpmaster School, Army Ranger School, and Army Freefall/HALO School. (Please note: O'Brien never served as a member of the Army. These Army schools allow students to attend from all branches of the military.)
Besides qualifying as a parachute ops jumpmaster and diving ops supervisor, his instructor certifications include Rock climbing & skiing instructor, Water safety survival instructor (WSSI), and Law enforcement firearms instructor.
While training with foreign units on several deployments in Japan, Korea and the Philippines, he learned Japanese, Korean and Tagalog (Philippine) language skills and studied Tae Kwon Do martial arts.
While stationed in Norfolk VA, he also coached a youth basketball team ages 8-10. He played softball for Navy teams that participated in tournaments in Newport RI & Norfolk VA.
He was then selected for a US Presidential Management Fellowship in the Bush Jr. administration with US Dept. of Energy in Washington DC under US Secretary of Energy Spencer Abraham serving as a Budget Analyst and Congressional Liaison coordinating a $15 billion portfolio with congressional offices & committees supporting hazardous materials security for US energy facilities worldwide.
He also led an executive protection detail in Iraq in 2006 ensuring security for American author Elizabeth Kilbride who deployed with combat units to Anbar province to conduct research for her book on combat operations which was sponsored by businessman, philanthropist, and Navy veteran Ross Perot.
During his successful tours with the Marines & Navy, O'Brien made seven overseas deployments supporting US national security & diplomacy and Top Secret high-risk, no-notice missions including crisis response, disaster relief, and search & rescue; specialized in hazardous operations in extreme desert, jungle, mountain, underwater, and winter environments; and conducted training & operations in 20 US states and 30 countries in Asia, the middle east, the Caribbean & Europe with numerous federal agencies (State Dept., FBI, DIA, CIA, HSD), foreign military units, and law enforcement depts. including service with US Secret Service details that protected 3 US Presidents.
Commander O'Brien credits the success of his units to "outstanding leadership, training and teammates he served with who call each other "brothers" and who made me a better leader."
He says the key to success in the Marine Corps and Navy is "the TEAM of troops who we lead, train, deploy and operate with who have each other's backs all day everyday especially in (often very fast-moving) missions with maximum risks and threats to protect America and represent America with honor, courage and commitment. I'm humbled we got through all we did and I owe our success, and truly my life, to my brothers and God. I was also blessed to have great bosses who gave me & our units super opportunities. I'm most humbled by brothers who made the ultimate sacrifice for our freedoms & their Gold Star families who are in my prayers every day. So I try to give back every day in honor of and gratitude for our troops, their families, veterans & our supporters everywhere today who are a great example of the best of American service to our nation & the world."